no in-depth study have been done on the wildlife of the Permai
Rainforest Resort area, from the number of species observed there
it can be concluded that the variety and numbers of wildlife
are as plentiful as in other rainforest areas.
The invertebrate fauna of Permai Rainforest
Resort include butterflies, dragonflies, praying mantis, spiders,
giant ants, weaver ants (kerengga), bees, snails, slugs, and
Giant millipede |
The giant ants are black, with large heads, and can grow up to
30mm in length. They are nocturnal creatures and during the
day nest at the bases of trees and in fallen logs.
Termites are often thought
to be part of the ant family but are most closely related to
the cockroach. Living in colonies of thousands, termites consume
much of the leaf litter on the forest floor. They thus play a
vital role in the forest ecosystem, but are also destructive.
They sometimes nest inside tree trunks and gradually eat away
Often heard, but seldom seen, is the cicada. Rather large insects,
cicadas spend much of their adult life high in the canopy of the
trees. They make a very distinct sound by vibrating membranes on
the sides of their bodies.
The reptiles present include geckos, skinks, pythons
and pit vipers. Geckos and skinks are common.
The largest python seen in the the resort was in November last year and estimated to be 5 metros long. It was resting in one of the streams, possibly having just completed moulting.
For more details on the encounter click here
The green pit viper is often
seen along the jungle trails. This species is poisonous and their
presence is one of the main reasons why trekkers are advised
to wear long pants and boots.
Another common resident is the monitor lizard or 'biawak'. It can
grow up to 2 meters long and has a short snout, a rounded body
and a long slender tongue which flickers in and out of its mouth.
Common among the many species of birds seen in the resort are
the Pink-Necked Green Pigeon, the Brown Headed Barbet, the Yellow-Vented Bulbul and the Asia Fairy-Bluebird.
The brown barbet, with its
big bill and orange throat, has a distinctive call. Living in
groups, they can be located by listening for their thin, wheezy,
Mammals include wild boars, Mueller's Rat, Prevost Squirrels,
giant otters and the elusive Barking Deer.
The plantain squirrel, with
its finely speckled brown back and orange under parts, is quite
common. They are tree dwellers but the sight of food left in
the open often entices them down to the ground.
Pink Dolphin or Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphin Sousa chinensis chinensis
© Pictures are courtesy of Unimas and the Sarawak Dolphin Project.
The coastline of Sarawak is home to 6 species of dolphins, 3 of which commonly cross the waters surrounding the resort. Namely the Pink Dolphin, the Irrawaddy Dolphin and the Bottlenose dolphin. The Finless porpoises is also found in nearby waters on the eastern side of the Santubong peninsula.
Two extremely shy residents of the forest is the anteater (pangolin)
and the flying squirrel. A pangolin was last seen in the main resort
area in 2000. The flying squirrel or the tupai terbang kubong is
seen only at night.
In the evenings, a stroll
along the rocky shore may enable you to catch sight of one of
nature's great hunters, the memerang. Always seen in
packs of three or four, the otter's fishing skills are remarkable.
Primates in and around the resort include Long-tailed macaques and the Silver-Leaf Monkey. Proboscis monkeys are also sighted occasionally. The Silver Leaf Monkeys are the most abundant species here and can be found within the immediate resort area and along the jungle trails. They frequently pass the tree houses and the cafe. The best time to see them is in the late evenings when they are feeding and playing in the trees.
The streams that flow through the resort are home to some
interesting amphibians. These include the White-lipped
frog and the Kuhl's creek frog.
They are also home to the catfish
and to the halfbeaks, which has a unique prolonged lower jaws
which look like beak.
Basic Flora & Fauna Inventory Training Project At
Permai Rainforest Resort ~ Conducted & prepared by
The Sarawak Biodiversity Centre